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This is a redraft of my dissertation chapter 13, please email any comment or corrections. Thank you.

This is a redraft of my dissertation chapter 13, please email any comment or corrections. Thank you.

There is a tendency in man to react in kind, and since science-so-called is absolutely defiant of Biblical accuracy, some have become absolutely defiant of all science. Those that compromise the Bible's accuracy in order to accommodate science-so-called are a dangerous lot. They try to insert huge time gaps into the Genesis account in order to accommodate science-so-called's geological age of rocks, or they suppose that God used the science-so-called's model of evolution, and previous Christians have just misinterpreted the Genesis account. In allegorizing the Genesis his accounting, however they make it nothing more than fiction and/or outright deceit. Compromising Biblical accuracy is a slippery slope leading to a dangerous fall. But there are also those who go to the other extreme and completely defy all science; they think of themselves as “literalists” and hold their defiance of science as a badge of sincerity and truth. These “literalists” are equally dangerous.

There are “Flat Earthers” who believe the world is not spherical but flat, like a coin. This falsehood, widely taught by Muslims, has become accepted by some Christians who want to show their absolute defiance of science. True science, and careful observation show that our world, our moon, the other planets that one can readily view with telescopes are all obviously spherical in shape; so are bubbles and BBs, i.e. it is a perfectly natural shape for any fluid mass. The Flat-Earthers insist that they are the true Bible believers, i.e. literalists, and that you and I have been deceived by the master deceiver. The worldly demonic government has deceived us, they insist, and no matter what evidence one gives them, they defy all science. They are convinced that the world is flat and the the government, led by Satan, has deceived the whole world about the the Earth's spherical shape. The government deceit is, of course, an ongoing conspiracy.

There are “Geocentrics” who believe that the earth is the center of God's universe and it does not move. The sun, they insist, and all of its planets, and all the stars of heaven, must orbit around the unmovable Earth. These geocentricists (geo Greek for “earth”, centric English for “center of”) defy the science and the obvious observables which prove that the earth is one of nine planets in orbit around the Sun. (Mary's Velvet Eyes Make John Stay Up Nights Proposing, i.e Mercury, Venice, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto; of late some think John was not really proposing and Pluto is not big enough to be called a real planet.) It is one thing to defy science-so-called when it supposes billions of years after a supposed big-bang, or that dogs evolved into horses, and lizards into eagles. It is quite another thing to defy what is obviously observable phenomena in the universe which God created. The Geocentrics insist that they are the true Bible believers, i.e. literalists, and that you and I have been deceived by the master deceiver. The worldly demonic government has deceived us, they insist, and no matter what evidence one gives them, they defy science. They are convinced that the Earth is unmovable and the the government, led by Satan, has deceived the whole world about the Earth's orbit around the Sun. The government deceit is, of course, an ongoing conspiracy.

There are conspiracy conspirators who believe that the United States of America never did launch to the moon, nor did Apollo 11 land Americans Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin on its surface on that July 20th of 1969. This, they insist, was all an elaborate hoax, pulled off by our lying, cheating, stealing government officials. It never happened, they say, and Neil Armstrong, a professed born-again believer in our Lord Jesus Christ, an aerospace engineer, naval aviator, test pilot and university professor, was lying and deceiving in every interview and lecture that he made. Lying all the way up to his death in 2012! Those who hold this persuasion are sincere and are motivated by a massive mistrust of all things government. They have no list of Scripture per-se, to hang this government conspiracy on, but they often hang out with geocentrics and are in sympathy with “TheFlatEarthSociety.org.” They are convinced that all government is the tool of Satan, and that our government deceived the whole world about the Apollo 11's mission. The government deceit is, of course, an ongoing conspiracy.

There are a myriad of cult-like offshoots claiming to be Bible believers and spreading their deceit throughout Christendom. These three, however, depend on a staunch defiance of science, ergo they need to be moderately addressed in this dissertation. Science is not the enemy. There is an enemy, but he does not use science in his deceit, he uses science-so-called, as explained earlier.

Defying The Flat-Earthers

Flat-Earth deceivers insist that when the Bible says, in Daniel 4, that a tree grew, “the height thereof reached unto heaven, and the sight thereof to the end of all the earth,” then, they insist, this recorded dream must be taken exactly physical and exactly literal, ergo, in their mind, the earth has to be flat. They will not let any amount of evidence dissuade them, they insist that the Bible says the world is flat and they are going to believe the Bible and reject everything else. “I don't care what science “proves” about the earth's spherical shape, if the Bible says it is flat, then it is flat.” (ref Dan 4:10-11) They apply this misguided and staunchly illogical reasoning to another Scripture.

Again, Flat-Earthers insist, that if the Devil can take Jesus to an exceeding high mountain, and show him all the kingdoms of the world, then it must be that the world is flat. They insist that the Bible says so! (ref Matt 4:8, Luke 4:5) The only way that Flat-Earthers can reconcile these Scriptures, in a very literal way, is by imagining that the earth is flat. They insist dogmatically, even fanatically, that anyone disagreeing on this point, are deceived and puppets of the worldly diabolical government.

Be very careful of Flat-Earthers. They are a cultist radical fringe group who bring mockery to Christianity. They are very defiant of real science because of their very faulty Biblical interpretations. Recall that the disciples of Christ were casting off in a ship, “And he charged them, saying, Take heed, beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, and of the leaven of Herod” (Matt 8:15) They, displaying tendencies of literalists, “reasoned among themselves, saying, It is because we have no bread” (vr. 16) Jesus rebukes them. One can be too literal in understanding God's words. Recall when Jesus taught, “I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world... Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you” (John 6:51, 53). The literalists all left Jesus, and his rebuke said, “It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life” (vr.63). Exotic cults are born when misinterpretations of God's words are concreted into finite minds. So to, flat earthers are born, and replicate.

Without using a fish-bowl lens from the government, I observed, with my naked eye, on September the 27th and 28th, 2015, between the hours of 9 PM and 1:30 AM, from my home in upstate New York, the shadow that a spherical planet, Earth, cast upon the moon (also spherical) during a lunar eclipse. I took pictures. Aristotle (384 – 322 B.C.) did the same in his day. I don't believe, however, that he took pictures. The earth is a planet and a sphere just like all the other ones one sees in space. Flat-earthers are defying the blatantly obvious.

Today, orbiting around a spherical planet, Earth, satellites beam television signals, radio signals, internet connections, and telephone communications right into our homes. A satellite cannot orbit a coin shaped, flat earth. Flat-earthers are very sincere, but obviously very mislead. Their defiance of science, taken with a vengeance, has made them beside themselves and double minded. In my experience, one will have more effect praying for them than arguing with them.

Anyone can take this hyper-physical hyper-literal interpretation method or hermeneutic, and develop their own little cult. Solomon states in Ecclesiastes, “A wise man’s heart is at his right hand; but a fool’s heart at his left.” Physically right handed people put their hand over their heart on their left hand side. That is where their heart is physically located. Consequently, here is Scripture that says only left handed people are wise, and all right handed people are fools. Of course ambidextrous people will need an MRI to find which side their heart is on before it can be determine whether they are wise or fool. If one asks right handed people about this interpretation they will say it is just wrong! But, then too, they are the fools in this context and they are likely entangled in a mass deception about a proper literal hermeneutic for this verse. I speak as a fool; don't miss the sarcasm. Don't be a hyper literalist.


Defying The Geocentrics

The Geocentrics, like the Flat-Earthers, insist on a very literal and very physical interpretation of a couple Bible verses. They then allow their literal misinterpretations to defy all other observations and scientific all data. For example, the Bible says that “the sun stood still in the midst of heaven, and hasted not to go down about a whole day” (Josh 10:12). Obviously, the Geocentrics reason, the Sun had to be orbiting the earth and God caused it, in this Scripture, to stand still. What Geocentrics miss here is that the Bible gives information in our human context. When a phenomena is described, it is presented as it is observed by man setting on the planet Earth. When Geocentics dismiss this truth, they insist that the Bible says, “the sun orbits the earth.” It does not, but they insist. They believe that you and I are deceived and that they, the Geocentrics, are the true Bible believers.

Again, they see in the Bible, “The world shall be stable, that it be not moved and the sun has its circuit unto the ends of it (1Chron 16:30, Psalm 96:10, 104:4, and Psalm 19:6) They insist on a strictly physical and obsessively literal interpretation of these Scriptures. In their mind, with no phenomenological allowance, they insist that the Sun is orbiting the earth. Like the Flat-Earthers, the Geocentrics insist that the logical thinkers here, have all been deceived by the master deceiver and his government. They insist that all of our orbital mechanics are flawed because their Bible interpretation tells them that the Sun orbits the Earth.

They so radically dismiss all phenomenological interpretations that Geocentrics even insist that Ecclesiastes 1:5 describes a sun orbiting the Earth. “The sun also ariseth, and the sun goeth down, and hasteth to his place where he arose” (Ecclesiastes 1:5). The obvious observations of a rotating earth, the four seasons caused by our orbit around the sun, and the systematic sightings of the other orbiting planets, are completely dismissed by Geocentrics. Their dogmatic misinterpretation of these Scriptures blind them to the obvious. They continue down a cultist path to defy all science and insist that all other professed believers are deceived.

If groups of Christians want to follow this obscure line of thinking, and suppose that Earth is not a planet, what is that to me? Isn't it more important what they believe about our Lord Jesus Christ? Can't we just sort out who has been orbiting what after we get to heaven? In actuality there is a true science, and a science-so-called. A true science supports every truth of God's inerrant, infallible, inspired Word. Science-so-called mocks the same. Christians rejecting all science, because of conspiracy theories, as well as the gross, missleadings and exaggerations of science-so-called, are hindering the cause more than helping. In this effort true science, “the observation, identification, description, experimental investigation, and theoretical explanation of phenomena,”1 is used to highlight the exactness of God's Word. In the mean time, this contingency of Geocentrics, is blatantly defiant of the observation, identification, description, experimental investigation, and theoretical explanations of phenomena. If it were possible, the mockings of science-so-called might heightened and even be somewhat justified by such treason to true science. Let us therefore dissuade the Geocentrics.

God has given us seven objects which move with varying speed across the backdrop of a multitude of fixed stars. The Sun, which marks out our days, rises in the east, follows a track across our sky and sets in the west. The track that it takes moves up (north) and down (south) during the four seasons which we observe. The moon, which marks out our months, follows a similar, but not identical daily track across our sky. Those who spend more time observing the night sky than the Night Show, know that Venus, the brightest wandering “star,” Jupiter and Saturn, less bright wandering “stars,” and Mercury and Mars, the least bright, but readily visible wandering “stars” all wander across the night sky on a very similar track but at very varying speeds. These five “stars” were called “planets,” Greek for “wanderers.”

The celestial highway traveled by these principle planets, the moon and the sun was called the zodiac. It was eight degrees wide and marked off into twelve equal regions bearing the name of the constellations which they originally occupied. Things have significantly changed because of the precession of the equinoxes, but some still hold the twelve signs of the zodiac to be mysterious in fortune telling. As these stars wandered on this celestial highway they would change speed and sometimes change directions. A planet might pass another, then slow down, and let the other pass, then speed up and pass again. People actually thought that personalities might be determined by what the stars were doing at their birth.

In the second century A.D. Ptolemy, also known as Claudius Ptolemaeus, an Egyptian astronomer of Greek descent, put together the mathematics which would calculate planet positions of the Greek geocentric system.2 He used complex combinations of uniform circular motions for this model. It was not until Johannes Kepler (1571 – 1630) discovered three major laws of planetary motion that the motions of these “wandering stars” was accurately determined. He was the first to successfully model planetary orbits to a high degree of accuracy. He publishing his laws in 1605.3 Isaac Newton published more general laws of celestial motion in his 1687 book, “Philosophiæ Naturalis Principia Mathematica”4 It is important to note that although Ptolemy's system of mathematics predicted where the planets would be, Kepler's system united rudimentary laws of physics with the preliminary considerations of gravity to show why the planets do what they do.

Kepler and Newton had captured all the physics involved in orbital mechanics. Their mathematical model of how a smaller planet orbits a larger gravitational source was genius. Their laws of planetary motion exactly detail all the planets motions around the sun, the moon's orbit around the earth, and all the moons that were found in orbit around all known, and yet unknown planets. Their discovered laws calculate the orbits of every satellite we have ever launched into earth orbit. Their laws are used to move astronauts into and out of earth's orbits. They are not theories but proven laws.

Ptolemy matched up some tricky math to a flawed hypothesis; Kepler discovered the laws of all planetary motion. There is a significant difference here. When a hypothesis does not meet all the known conditions, it is replaced by the one that does. The hypothesis that replaced the geocentric model, went on to become a theory, and was tested extensively to become Kepler's laws of planetary motion, and Newton's laws of orbital mechanics. That's how true science works; hypothesis, test, modify, test, modify, validate, advance to a theory, test, modify, test, modify, prove, validate, law.

A few Muslims holding onto a flawed hypothesis and a geocentric model of the universe is understandable. That is what their prophet believed, he said he got it straight from Allah, and they will not let it go. Christians, however, have no misguided prophet as their founder. Our founder is the Only begotten Son of God (Psalm 2, John 3), the creator of the universe (Gen 1, John 1) the Lamb of God (Exod 12, Isa 53, John 1, Rev 5), and the Lion of the tribe of Judah (Gen 49:9, Rev 5:5) There is no conceivable reason for a genuine Christian to hold on to a hypothesis that did not prove to be accurate or truth.

There are a few Geocentrics trying to make the Holy Bible fit a long ago discarded hypothesis. Their primary motive seems to be a raw defiance of science. Their outspokenness brings a justified mockery to Christianity. There are things a Bible believer can do to help squelch this disturbance. God said, “For after that in the wisdom of God the world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the foolishness of preaching to save them that believe” (1Cor 1:21) Those undertaking the travail of seeking and searching out by wisdom concerning all things that are done under heaven (Eccl 1:13, 3:10) should know the difference between the foolishness of preaching and the preaching of foolishness. Flat-Earthers and Geocentrics are dangerously found doing the latter.

Defying The Conspiracy Conspirators

This author worked for that government for over twenty-five years as a USAF electrical engineer, military officer, and R&D program engineer. After working for ten years in “black,” very sensitive areas, I have given several testimonies that our government is so laden with incompetence that it could never pull off a major conspiracy. I have found that those who believe that Roswell hosted “alien beings” in 1947, that Area-51 houses saucers and UFOs, and that Neil Armstrong never put his foot on the moon, will not be dissuaded by any mere eyewitness! Let us be very careful about an open defiance of the obvious. Like the Flat-Earthers and Geocentrics the small group of conspiracy conspirators insist that they are the only ones who are not deceived. They not only have a defiance of science, they are willing to defy the blatantly obvious.

The American Heritage Dictionary defines a conspiracy as “An agreement to perform together an illegal, wrongful, or subversive act.” Two unfortunate things about conspiracy conspirators is that they carry an air that says, “my mind is made up, don't confuse me with the facts,” and they bring a justified mockery of Christianity. I have found no argument that would sway them, so let me tell three stories that might keep a believer from becoming one of them.

The USAF has “black” research and development programs. So do other branches of our government. It is labeled “black” because no one is to know about the capability being developed. Often the developers themselves only know their small portion. When a black program is in danger of some compromise any cover story that will take the lime-light off of the situation is plausible cover.

When developing some of our supersonic capabilities things happened. One development glowed with ominous colors as it streaked through the night sky. It was commonly reported as a UFO and when the USAF was asked about it they gave the well trained answer “We can neither confirm nor deny.” The conspiracy conspirators took it from there. When asked about a crash sites which were shrouded in secrecy the answer was “We can neither confirm nor deny,” and the conspiracy conspirators took it from their. Plausible cover included UFOs, recovered aliens, abductions et. al. Some “inside intelligence” about these cover ups would often come from one who perhaps had a piece of the truth and a charismatic flare for the drama. They were not allowed to reveal the truth, but wild speculations would often be winked at with the clause, “I can neither confirm nor deny.” The conspiracy conspirators had an even greater charismatic flare for the drama.

When developing some of our stealth technology things happened. Every conceivable shape and configuration was radar tested while mounted upside down on a pole in the now famed and unclassified Area 51. If technicians left a saucer shape on the pole during a known surveillance satellite overflight the answer, “We can neither confirm nor deny,” exuded an unbelievable tirade of Popular Science articles. There are still conspiracy conspirators who “know for certain” that the USAF developed flying saucers. In actuality the USAF bolted two huge wings on it and designated it the B-2.

Never doubt the sincerity of conspiracy conspirator. They are certain that the government has things out there that they are not being told about. Note three things here. What deterrence comes from a high stealth weapon system like the F-117, if the enemy never finds out that we have it? All government secrets are eventually leaked, period. Second, never underestimate the flare for the public to create, develop and sustain an ongoing, never ending conspiracy theory. Thirdly, there are no alien beings, there is no secret hollowed out mountain where the elite will dwell in luxury after they kill all our pigs and chickens with the a swine/bird flu, and on July 20th of 1969 Neil Armstrong did step out of Apollo 11 and step on the surface of our moon.

Why defy the defiance of science?

There is an ugly irony in the realization that I must pause this exciting development that “The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handiwork,” that black-holes spawn every galaxy, and that theories of relativity disquiet the evolutionists wild speculations about time, in order to show that Earth is a indeed a planet, and that it is indeed spherical. There is, however, a rogue group of Bible thumpers who are so defiant of all science that they are like a dead fly in the apothecary, i.e. “Dead flies cause the ointment of the apothecary to send forth a stinking savour: so doth a little folly him that is in reputation for wisdom and honour” (Eccl 10:1).

Carl Sagan (1934-1996) the arch-atheist of the 20th century, said, “If we long to believe that the stars rise and set for us, that we are the reason there is a Universe, does science do us a disservice in deflating our conceits?” Atheists mock at Christian foolishness. There is a difference between the foolishness of preaching and the preaching of foolishness. Christians need to be wise as serpents and harmless as doves, Jesus said so (Matt 10:16)

I bring up these three groups which have an overt defiance of science because they present a clear and present danger to the advancement of God's truth. They defy the efforts of those who would emphatically hold to the true inerrancy and infallibility of God's verbally inspired word. Their extravagant overreach into the absurd makes an ugly mark on those who would truly hold to the accuracy of the Holy Bible.

The American Heritage Dictionary defines a fanatic as a person marked or motivated by an extreme, unreasoning enthusiasm, for a cause. Denying the spherical shape of our planet is unreasonable. Denying the earth's orbit and the laws of orbital mechanics is unreasonable. Calling Neil Armstrong and an unprecedented team of 3,000 engineers, dirty rotten liars is unreasonable. I do not oppose the defiance of science-so-called but there must be a reasonable limit to our defiance when it starts attacking true science.

There are obvious observations which refute the flat earth, the geocentric, and the conspiracy conspirator's ideologies. It is important that a believer be well grounded in truth: “That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive” (Eph 4:14) Another wording of that verse might include the word gullible, and Christians, especially those taught from their youth that the Bible is an allegorical book, are too often quite gullible.

That Scripture continues “But (we) speaking the truth in love, may grow up in all things, which is the head, even Christ.” (Eph 4:15) If one has been swayed into the camp that teaches that the world is flat, the Bible says so, or if one has been persuaded that the sun orbits the earth, because the Bible says so, or if you are entangled in conspiracy theories, this is meant to be a reproof, in love. If one knows someone who has been persuaded into this sort of defiance of science, do not just write them off as screwballs, they have been lead down a garden path by cunning craftiness and need to be reproved in love. If one has never met someone so deceived, they will. These are a fast growing sect in our paranoid “Christian” society. Remember, “All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works” (2Tim 3:16-17)

1 The American Heritage Dictionary, s.v. “science”.

4 Ibid., s.v. Isaac Newton

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